Traditional water treatment methods generally include boiling and chemical treatment. Both of these methods have been around for a very long time and can be effective in reducing bacteria and contaminants in the water, but there is a much better and effective method which uses the revolutionary “reverse osmosis filtration system.” Because of the growth of industry in the United States, water has become more polluted. This required the use of chemicals to reduce the high levels of bacteria and other contaminants that were not found in water sources years ago.
Traditionally, boiling water is a method that has been used to disinfect water by removing microorganisms and most bacteria. The problem with boiling is that it does not remove all bacteria from the water and it can take up to three minutes of boiling to kill most bacteria. Boiling uses a lot of fuel and cooking equipment and, for most applications, must be given time to cool down before it can be used. Water loss also occurs because of the evaporation that happens during the boiling process. Boiling water can also leave behind a stale taste and foul odor because it does not remove chemicals like chlorine. Boiling water can sometimes be the only method available while camping, but in a residential, commercial, or industrial setting, there are much more efficient and effective methods now available, such as reverse osmosis filter systems.
Another common method to treat water is with the use of chemicals, most commonly iodine and chlorine. Iodine has been used for a very long time to kill viruses, protozoa, and bacteria. The problem with iodine is that it is a time consuming process to disinfect the water, especially when the temperatures drop. Also, iodine is not safe for pregnant women and those with thyroid problems and it can also leave behind a foul taste.
The more common chemical used to treat water is chlorine, in a process called chlorination. Chlorination is an effect method because it settles the debris and dirt to the bottom of the container and all bacteria and contaminants are removed. The drawback is that using too much chlorine is poisonous and can cause illness, internal organ damage or even death.
Modern Water Treatment Methods
Looking at the previous methods that have been used for hundreds of years, it is easy to see that there is a need for more modern water treatment methods. Since the 1980s, reverse osmosis filter systems have been developed and made most accessible for the common user.
The smaller the size of the contaminant, the harder it is for the reverse osmosis filter to filter it out. But the larger the size of the contaminant, the easier it is for the reverse osmosis filter to filter it out. Because of this, it is very important to select the proper reverse osmosis filter with the correct pore size. When selecting a reverse osmosis filter, it is important to keep in mind the pore size, durability of the materials, and the longevity and ability to perform. A reverse osmosis filter system is highly effective in removing impurities from water such as turbidity, asbestos, total dissolved solids (TDS), lead and other toxic heavy metals, radium and many other dissolved organic materials. A reverse osmosis filter can also remove chlorine to make it safe for drinking purposes.